Latin Name : Erysimum capitatum
Longevity : Biennial or perennial
Season : Cool
Origin : Native
Wildlife – fair
Livestock – poor
Also known as, "Plains wallflower" and "Western wallflower". Flowers May to June. Adapted to sandy or clayey soils in prairies, plains, open woodlands, on hillsides and bluffs. Traditionally, the dried plant was crushed, mixed with a small amount of water and the paste applied to the forehead and temples for relief of headache. The Sioux used an infusion of crushed seeds to treat stomach and intestinal cramps. Provides some browse for deer and antelope. Of little value for livestock.