Latin Name : Paicum Coloratum
(synonym: Triticum cylindricum)
Longevity : Perennial
Season : Warm
Origin : Africa
Wildlife – good
Livestock – Excellent
Kleingrass is a warm season perennial bunchgrass introduced into this country from Africa. It is fine stemmed, leafy and grows to a height of 3 to 4 feet.
Kleingrass is quite variable in its makeup with some plants displaying abundant pubescence while others are relatively smooth. Plants vary from prostrate to erect in growth form but most are upright.
Kleingrass spreads by tillers or short rhizomes and will root at the nodes where the stems come in contact with wet soil. “Selection 75” Kleingrass is a variety that has been used extensively in Texas. It was released jointly by the Texas Agricultural Experiment Station and the Soil Conservation Service for its palatability and forage production.
“Verde” Kleingrass is a newer released variety. The seed are slightly larger than “Selection 75”, making “Verde” more than popular for wildlife habitat, especially birds. Kleingrass is easily established from seed. Seedlings are sturdy, have good root development, but grow slow initially.
Planting recommendations are 2 pure live seed pounds per acre when planted broadcast. Plant 1/4 to 1/2 inch deep using a small seed box, usually in the spring after the soil temperature reaches 60 degrees.
Kleingrass is extremely attractive to cattle and wildlife as either green forage or cured hay. Because of good palatability, protect from overgrazing until the field is established. Animal performance has been above average for a warm season, perennial grass. Horses and sheep should not graze Kleingrass as health side-effects may result.